GNU Radio Manual and C++ API Reference  3.7.5
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gr::filter::pfb_channelizer_ccf Class Referenceabstract

Polyphase filterbank channelizer with gr_complex input, gr_complex output and float taps. More...

#include <gnuradio/filter/pfb_channelizer_ccf.h>

Public Types

typedef boost::shared_ptr
< pfb_channelizer_ccf
sptr
 
- Public Types inherited from gr::block
enum  { WORK_CALLED_PRODUCE = -2, WORK_DONE = -1 }
 Magic return values from general_work. More...
 
enum  tag_propagation_policy_t { TPP_DONT = 0, TPP_ALL_TO_ALL = 1, TPP_ONE_TO_ONE = 2 }
 

Public Member Functions

virtual void set_taps (const std::vector< float > &taps)=0
 
virtual void print_taps ()=0
 
virtual std::vector
< std::vector< float > > 
taps () const =0
 
virtual void set_channel_map (const std::vector< int > &map)=0
 
virtual std::vector< int > channel_map () const =0
 
- Public Member Functions inherited from gr::block
virtual ~block ()
 
unsigned history () const
 
void set_history (unsigned history)
 
void declare_sample_delay (int which, unsigned delay)
 
void declare_sample_delay (unsigned delay)
 
unsigned sample_delay (int which) const
 
bool fixed_rate () const
 Return true if this block has a fixed input to output rate. More...
 
virtual void forecast (int noutput_items, gr_vector_int &ninput_items_required)
 Estimate input requirements given output request. More...
 
virtual int general_work (int noutput_items, gr_vector_int &ninput_items, gr_vector_const_void_star &input_items, gr_vector_void_star &output_items)
 compute output items from input items More...
 
virtual bool start ()
 Called to enable drivers, etc for i/o devices. More...
 
virtual bool stop ()
 Called to disable drivers, etc for i/o devices. More...
 
void set_output_multiple (int multiple)
 Constrain the noutput_items argument passed to forecast and general_work. More...
 
int output_multiple () const
 
bool output_multiple_set () const
 
void set_alignment (int multiple)
 Constrains buffers to work on a set item alignment (for SIMD) More...
 
int alignment () const
 
void set_unaligned (int na)
 
int unaligned () const
 
void set_is_unaligned (bool u)
 
bool is_unaligned () const
 
void consume (int which_input, int how_many_items)
 Tell the scheduler how_many_items of input stream which_input were consumed. More...
 
void consume_each (int how_many_items)
 Tell the scheduler how_many_items were consumed on each input stream. More...
 
void produce (int which_output, int how_many_items)
 Tell the scheduler how_many_items were produced on output stream which_output. More...
 
void set_relative_rate (double relative_rate)
 Set the approximate output rate / input rate. More...
 
double relative_rate () const
 return the approximate output rate / input rate More...
 
virtual int fixed_rate_ninput_to_noutput (int ninput)
 Given ninput samples, return number of output samples that will be produced. N.B. this is only defined if fixed_rate returns true. Generally speaking, you don't need to override this. More...
 
virtual int fixed_rate_noutput_to_ninput (int noutput)
 Given noutput samples, return number of input samples required to produce noutput. N.B. this is only defined if fixed_rate returns true. Generally speaking, you don't need to override this. More...
 
uint64_t nitems_read (unsigned int which_input)
 Return the number of items read on input stream which_input. More...
 
uint64_t nitems_written (unsigned int which_output)
 Return the number of items written on output stream which_output. More...
 
tag_propagation_policy_t tag_propagation_policy ()
 Asks for the policy used by the scheduler to moved tags downstream. More...
 
void set_tag_propagation_policy (tag_propagation_policy_t p)
 Set the policy by the scheduler to determine how tags are moved downstream. More...
 
int min_noutput_items () const
 Return the minimum number of output items this block can produce during a call to work. More...
 
void set_min_noutput_items (int m)
 Set the minimum number of output items this block can produce during a call to work. More...
 
int max_noutput_items ()
 Return the maximum number of output items this block will handle during a call to work. More...
 
void set_max_noutput_items (int m)
 Set the maximum number of output items this block will handle during a call to work. More...
 
void unset_max_noutput_items ()
 Clear the switch for using the max_noutput_items value of this block. More...
 
bool is_set_max_noutput_items ()
 Ask the block if the flag is or is not set to use the internal value of max_noutput_items during a call to work. More...
 
void expand_minmax_buffer (int port)
 
long max_output_buffer (size_t i)
 Returns max buffer size on output port i. More...
 
void set_max_output_buffer (long max_output_buffer)
 Sets max buffer size on all output ports. More...
 
void set_max_output_buffer (int port, long max_output_buffer)
 Sets max buffer size on output port port. More...
 
long min_output_buffer (size_t i)
 Returns min buffer size on output port i. More...
 
void set_min_output_buffer (long min_output_buffer)
 Sets min buffer size on all output ports. More...
 
void set_min_output_buffer (int port, long min_output_buffer)
 Sets min buffer size on output port port. More...
 
float pc_noutput_items ()
 Gets instantaneous noutput_items performance counter. More...
 
float pc_noutput_items_avg ()
 Gets average noutput_items performance counter. More...
 
float pc_noutput_items_var ()
 Gets variance of noutput_items performance counter. More...
 
float pc_nproduced ()
 Gets instantaneous num items produced performance counter. More...
 
float pc_nproduced_avg ()
 Gets average num items produced performance counter. More...
 
float pc_nproduced_var ()
 Gets variance of num items produced performance counter. More...
 
float pc_input_buffers_full (int which)
 Gets instantaneous fullness of which input buffer. More...
 
float pc_input_buffers_full_avg (int which)
 Gets average fullness of which input buffer. More...
 
float pc_input_buffers_full_var (int which)
 Gets variance of fullness of which input buffer. More...
 
std::vector< float > pc_input_buffers_full ()
 Gets instantaneous fullness of all input buffers. More...
 
std::vector< float > pc_input_buffers_full_avg ()
 Gets average fullness of all input buffers. More...
 
std::vector< float > pc_input_buffers_full_var ()
 Gets variance of fullness of all input buffers. More...
 
float pc_output_buffers_full (int which)
 Gets instantaneous fullness of which input buffer. More...
 
float pc_output_buffers_full_avg (int which)
 Gets average fullness of which input buffer. More...
 
float pc_output_buffers_full_var (int which)
 Gets variance of fullness of which input buffer. More...
 
std::vector< float > pc_output_buffers_full ()
 Gets instantaneous fullness of all output buffers. More...
 
std::vector< float > pc_output_buffers_full_avg ()
 Gets average fullness of all output buffers. More...
 
std::vector< float > pc_output_buffers_full_var ()
 Gets variance of fullness of all output buffers. More...
 
float pc_work_time ()
 Gets instantaneous clock cycles spent in work. More...
 
float pc_work_time_avg ()
 Gets average clock cycles spent in work. More...
 
float pc_work_time_var ()
 Gets average clock cycles spent in work. More...
 
float pc_work_time_total ()
 Gets total clock cycles spent in work. More...
 
void reset_perf_counters ()
 Resets the performance counters. More...
 
void setup_pc_rpc ()
 Sets up export of perf. counters to ControlPort. Only called by the scheduler. More...
 
bool is_pc_rpc_set ()
 Checks if this block is already exporting perf. counters to ControlPort. More...
 
void no_pc_rpc ()
 If the block calls this in its constructor, it's perf. counters will not be exported. More...
 
void set_processor_affinity (const std::vector< int > &mask)
 Set the thread's affinity to processor core n. More...
 
void unset_processor_affinity ()
 Remove processor affinity to a specific core. More...
 
std::vector< int > processor_affinity ()
 Get the current processor affinity. More...
 
int active_thread_priority ()
 Get the current thread priority in use. More...
 
int thread_priority ()
 Get the current thread priority stored. More...
 
int set_thread_priority (int priority)
 Set the current thread priority. More...
 
bool update_rate () const
 
void system_handler (pmt::pmt_t msg)
 the system message handler More...
 
bool finished ()
 returns true when execution has completed due to a message connection More...
 
block_detail_sptr detail () const
 
void set_detail (block_detail_sptr detail)
 
void notify_msg_neighbors ()
 Tell msg neighbors we are finished. More...
 
void clear_finished ()
 Make sure we dont think we are finished. More...
 
- Public Member Functions inherited from gr::basic_block
pmt::pmt_t message_subscribers (pmt::pmt_t port)
 
virtual ~basic_block ()
 
long unique_id () const
 
long symbolic_id () const
 
std::string name () const
 
std::string symbol_name () const
 
gr::io_signature::sptr input_signature () const
 
gr::io_signature::sptr output_signature () const
 
basic_block_sptr to_basic_block ()
 
bool alias_set ()
 
std::string alias ()
 
pmt::pmt_t alias_pmt ()
 
void set_block_alias (std::string name)
 
void message_port_register_in (pmt::pmt_t port_id)
 
void message_port_register_out (pmt::pmt_t port_id)
 
void message_port_pub (pmt::pmt_t port_id, pmt::pmt_t msg)
 
void message_port_sub (pmt::pmt_t port_id, pmt::pmt_t target)
 
void message_port_unsub (pmt::pmt_t port_id, pmt::pmt_t target)
 
virtual bool message_port_is_hier (pmt::pmt_t port_id)
 
virtual bool message_port_is_hier_in (pmt::pmt_t port_id)
 
virtual bool message_port_is_hier_out (pmt::pmt_t port_id)
 
pmt::pmt_t message_ports_in ()
 Get input message port names. More...
 
pmt::pmt_t message_ports_out ()
 Get output message port names. More...
 
void _post (pmt::pmt_t which_port, pmt::pmt_t msg)
 
bool empty_p (pmt::pmt_t which_port)
 is the queue empty? More...
 
bool empty_p ()
 
bool empty_handled_p (pmt::pmt_t which_port)
 are all msg ports with handlers empty? More...
 
bool empty_handled_p ()
 
size_t nmsgs (pmt::pmt_t which_port)
 How many messages in the queue? More...
 
void insert_tail (pmt::pmt_t which_port, pmt::pmt_t msg)
 
pmt::pmt_t delete_head_nowait (pmt::pmt_t which_port)
 
pmt::pmt_t delete_head_blocking (pmt::pmt_t which_port)
 
msg_queue_t::iterator get_iterator (pmt::pmt_t which_port)
 
void erase_msg (pmt::pmt_t which_port, msg_queue_t::iterator it)
 
virtual bool has_msg_port (pmt::pmt_t which_port)
 
const msg_queue_map_t & get_msg_map (void) const
 
virtual void setup_rpc ()
 Set up the RPC registered variables. More...
 
bool is_rpc_set ()
 Ask if this block has been registered to the RPC. More...
 
void rpc_set ()
 When the block is registered with the RPC, set this. More...
 
virtual bool check_topology (int ninputs, int noutputs)
 Confirm that ninputs and noutputs is an acceptable combination. More...
 
template<typename T >
void set_msg_handler (pmt::pmt_t which_port, T msg_handler)
 Set the callback that is fired when messages are available. More...
 
- Public Member Functions inherited from gr::msg_accepter
 msg_accepter ()
 
 ~msg_accepter ()
 
void post (pmt::pmt_t which_port, pmt::pmt_t msg)
 send msg to msg_accepter on port which_port More...
 
- Public Member Functions inherited from gr::messages::msg_accepter
 msg_accepter ()
 

Static Public Member Functions

static sptr make (unsigned int numchans, const std::vector< float > &taps, float oversample_rate)
 

Additional Inherited Members

- Protected Types inherited from gr::basic_block
enum  vcolor { WHITE, GREY, BLACK }
 
- Protected Member Functions inherited from gr::block
 block (void)
 
 block (const std::string &name, gr::io_signature::sptr input_signature, gr::io_signature::sptr output_signature)
 
void set_fixed_rate (bool fixed_rate)
 
void add_item_tag (unsigned int which_output, uint64_t abs_offset, const pmt::pmt_t &key, const pmt::pmt_t &value, const pmt::pmt_t &srcid=pmt::PMT_F)
 Adds a new tag onto the given output buffer. More...
 
void add_item_tag (unsigned int which_output, const tag_t &tag)
 Adds a new tag onto the given output buffer. More...
 
void remove_item_tag (unsigned int which_input, uint64_t abs_offset, const pmt::pmt_t &key, const pmt::pmt_t &value, const pmt::pmt_t &srcid=pmt::PMT_F)
 Removes a tag from the given input buffer. More...
 
void remove_item_tag (unsigned int which_input, const tag_t &tag)
 Removes a tag from the given input buffer. More...
 
void get_tags_in_range (std::vector< tag_t > &v, unsigned int which_input, uint64_t abs_start, uint64_t abs_end)
 Given a [start,end), returns a vector of all tags in the range. More...
 
void get_tags_in_range (std::vector< tag_t > &v, unsigned int which_input, uint64_t abs_start, uint64_t abs_end, const pmt::pmt_t &key)
 Given a [start,end), returns a vector of all tags in the range with a given key. More...
 
void get_tags_in_window (std::vector< tag_t > &v, unsigned int which_input, uint64_t rel_start, uint64_t rel_end)
 Gets all tags within the relative window of the current call to work. More...
 
void get_tags_in_window (std::vector< tag_t > &v, unsigned int which_input, uint64_t rel_start, uint64_t rel_end, const pmt::pmt_t &key)
 Operates like gr::block::get_tags_in_window with the ability to only return tags with the specified key. More...
 
void enable_update_rate (bool en)
 
- Protected Member Functions inherited from gr::basic_block
 basic_block (void)
 
 basic_block (const std::string &name, gr::io_signature::sptr input_signature, gr::io_signature::sptr output_signature)
 Protected constructor prevents instantiation by non-derived classes. More...
 
void set_input_signature (gr::io_signature::sptr iosig)
 may only be called during constructor More...
 
void set_output_signature (gr::io_signature::sptr iosig)
 may only be called during constructor More...
 
void set_color (vcolor color)
 Allow the flowgraph to set for sorting and partitioning. More...
 
vcolor color () const
 
virtual bool has_msg_handler (pmt::pmt_t which_port)
 Tests if there is a handler attached to port which_port. More...
 
virtual void dispatch_msg (pmt::pmt_t which_port, pmt::pmt_t msg)
 
- Protected Attributes inherited from gr::block
std::vector< long > d_max_output_buffer
 
std::vector< long > d_min_output_buffer
 
gr::thread::mutex d_setlock
 
gr::logger_ptr d_logger
 
gr::logger_ptr d_debug_logger
 
- Protected Attributes inherited from gr::basic_block
std::string d_name
 
gr::io_signature::sptr d_input_signature
 
gr::io_signature::sptr d_output_signature
 
long d_unique_id
 
long d_symbolic_id
 
std::string d_symbol_name
 
std::string d_symbol_alias
 
vcolor d_color
 
bool d_rpc_set
 
msg_queue_map_t msg_queue
 
std::vector< boost::any > d_rpc_vars
 
pmt::pmt_t d_message_subscribers
 

Detailed Description

Polyphase filterbank channelizer with gr_complex input, gr_complex output and float taps.

This block takes in complex inputs and channelizes it to M channels of equal bandwidth. Each of the resulting channels is decimated to the new rate that is the input sampling rate fs divided by the number of channels, M.

The PFB channelizer code takes the taps generated above and builds a set of filters. The set contains M number of filters and each filter contains ceil(taps.size()/decim) number of taps. Each tap from the filter prototype is sequentially inserted into the next filter. When all of the input taps are used, the remaining filters in the filterbank are filled out with 0's to make sure each filter has the same number of taps.

Each filter operates using the gr::blocks::fir_filter_XXX classs of GNU Radio, which takes the input stream at i and performs the inner product calculation to i+(n-1) where n is the number of filter taps. To efficiently handle this in the GNU Radio structure, each filter input must come from its own input stream. So the channelizer must be provided with M streams where the input stream has been deinterleaved. This is most easily done using the gr::blocks::stream_to_streams block.

The output is then produced as a vector, where index i in the vector is the next sample from the ith channel. This is most easily handled by sending the output to a gr::blocks::vector_to_streams block to handle the conversion and passing M streams out.

The input and output formatting is done using a hier_block2 called pfb_channelizer_ccf. This can take in a single stream and outputs M streams based on the behavior described above.

The filter's taps should be based on the input sampling rate.

For example, using the GNU Radio's firdes utility to building filters, we build a low-pass filter with a sampling rate of fs, a 3-dB bandwidth of BW and a transition bandwidth of TB. We can also specify the out-of-band attenuation to use, ATT, and the filter window function (a Blackman-harris window in this case). The first input is the gain of the filter, which we specify here as unity.

<B><EM>self._taps = filter.firdes.low_pass_2(1, fs, BW, TB,
     attenuation_dB=ATT, window=filter.firdes.WIN_BLACKMAN_hARRIS)</EM></B>

The filter output can also be overs ampled. The over sampling rate is the ratio of the the actual output sampling rate to the normal output sampling rate. It must be rationally related to the number of channels as N/i for i in [1,N], which gives an outputsample rate of [fs/N, fs] where fs is the input sample rate and N is the number of channels.

For example, for 6 channels with fs = 6000 Hz, the normal rate is 6000/6 = 1000 Hz. Allowable oversampling rates are 6/6, 6/5, 6/4, 6/3, 6/2, and 6/1 where the output sample rate of a 6/1 oversample ratio is 6000 Hz, or 6 times the normal 1000 Hz. A rate of 6/5 = 1.2, so the output rate would be 1200 Hz.

The theory behind this block can be found in Chapter 6 of the following book.

f. harris, "Multirate Signal Processing for Communication Systems," Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall, Inc. 2004.

When dealing with oversampling, the above book is still a good reference along with this paper:

E. Venosa, X. Chen, and fred harris, “Polyphase analysis filter bank down-converts unequal channel bandwidths with arbitrary center frequencies - design I,” in SDR’10-WinnComm, 2010.

Member Typedef Documentation

Member Function Documentation

virtual std::vector<int> gr::filter::pfb_channelizer_ccf::channel_map ( ) const
pure virtual

Gets the current channel map.

static sptr gr::filter::pfb_channelizer_ccf::make ( unsigned int  numchans,
const std::vector< float > &  taps,
float  oversample_rate 
)
static

Build the polyphase filterbank decimator.

Parameters
numchans(unsigned integer) Specifies the number of channels M
taps(vector/list of floats) The prototype filter to populate the filterbank.
oversample_rate(float) The over sampling rate is the ratio of the the actual output sampling rate to the normal output sampling rate. It must be rationally related to the number of channels as N/i for i in [1,N], which gives an outputsample rate of [fs/N, fs] where fs is the input sample rate and N is the number of channels.

For example, for 6 channels with fs = 6000 Hz, the normal rateis 6000/6 = 1000 Hz. Allowable oversampling rates are 6/6, 6/5, 6/4, 6/3, 6/2, and 6/1 where the output sample rate of a 6/1 oversample ratio is 6000 Hz, or 6 times the normal 1000 Hz.

virtual void gr::filter::pfb_channelizer_ccf::print_taps ( )
pure virtual

Print all of the filterbank taps to screen.

virtual void gr::filter::pfb_channelizer_ccf::set_channel_map ( const std::vector< int > &  map)
pure virtual

Set the channel map. Channels are numbers as:

N/2+1 | ... | N-1 | 0 | 1 |  2 | ... | N/2

<----------------— 0 -----------------—> freq

So output stream 0 comes from channel 0, etc. Setting a new channel map allows the user to specify which channel in frequency he/she wants to got to which output stream.

The map should have the same number of elements as the number of output connections from the block. The minimum value of the map is 0 (for the 0th channel) and the maximum number is N-1 where N is the number of channels.

We specify M as the number of output connections made where M <= N, so only M out of N channels are driven to an output stream. The number of items in the channel map should be at least M long. If there are more channels specified, any value in the map over M-1 will be ignored. If the size of the map is less than M the behavior is unknown (we don't wish to check every entry into the work function).

This means that if the channelizer is splitting the signal up into N channels but only M channels are specified in the map (where M <= N), then M output streams must be connected and the map and the channel numbers used must be less than N-1. Output channel number can be reused, too. By default, the map is [0...M-1] with M = N.

virtual void gr::filter::pfb_channelizer_ccf::set_taps ( const std::vector< float > &  taps)
pure virtual

Resets the filterbank's filter taps with the new prototype filter

Parameters
taps(vector/list of floats) The prototype filter to populate the filterbank.
virtual std::vector<std::vector<float> > gr::filter::pfb_channelizer_ccf::taps ( ) const
pure virtual

Return a vector<vector<>> of the filterbank taps


The documentation for this class was generated from the following file: